Saturday, October 24, 2015

GEORGE W GLAZE Part I



George W Glaze born 1779 in Hampshire County, son of George Glaze.  He grew up on the South Branch of the Potomac near Springfield WV. While he learned to make guns from his father, there is  evidence that he served some kind of apprenticeship  in Winchester Virginia. Speculation is with one of the Lauck Gunsmiths. Records indicate that he was in Hampshire County VA  & Oldtown Maryland until 1827 when he went to Pickaway County Ohio, just after the Death of his father George, who moved there in 1808 .  We do not  know exactly  how long he stayed in Ohio. The 1840 Census puts him in Hendricks IN. George remained there until his death in 1862.
The following rifle by George W Glaze is an exquisite rifle in pristine condition. As you will see with this rifle and  subsequent photos that follow,   his pieces are  works of art. They are as good as any of the masters working in the Golden Age period and Glaze doesn't take a back seat to anyone.  Take special note of this particular  piece that you will see in the following photos.  The lock is one of a kind. The carving is not a cookie cutter design.  In fact all of his carvings vary to some degree on his rifles so as to express himself to the best of his ability.  No major restoration has been done on this rifle you are about to see. It is in it's unaltered state ( attic condition) , with only a minimal amount of work done to conserve it.   This is the first time any photos of this rifle has been shared publicly.  So get a beverage of your choice and sit back and enjoy the following presentation.  
Signed in Silver Inlay on Barrel
Click Picture for larger Image , then scroll to advance to next image.

Barrel 35" long.



For everyone that is interested in schools of long rifles, and  are students of them.  Here are some elements that we think you will enjoy.  The architecture is early Hampshire County "Golden Age" at its  best.  The relief carving has a wonderful blend of the Cumberland Maryland School as well as the Winchester Virginia School.  The butt plate return is definitely Winchester School, as is the silver hunter star and wire inlay.  The  brass under cheek piece inlay using silver headed round nails are found in the Cumberland School. The heart inlay at the wrist is held in place with a silver rectangular  head nail is found in the Winchester and Hampshire County Schools.  The wrist carving is of the Winchester and Hampshire Schools.  The blending of the schools result in a superb  presentation piece.  

This lock made & signed by Glaze is one of a kind that we have not seen before.  We have no idea why he built this lock.  Could it be  to see a vision come to fruition, or was made  to strengthen  the area where the lock mortise, trigger & guard are usually found?  If indeed he made it for these reasons, he saw his vision come to reality. With all the internals now externals on the lock, the area is now stronger than any normal rifle.  Take a few moments to study this lock. 

G W G
Termination of stock molding only adds to the artistic merit of this rifle. 
The only non embellished area on this rifle.  Actually this lets your eyes fixate on the fantastic relief carving on the cheek side of rifle. 


This  seven pierced patchbox is one of our favorite design and is  found on other rifles by the  great masters of this area, Frederick Sheetz and William Britton.
Hidden lid release is found on the bottom panel of the patchbox. Pushing  below the lower left hand screw releases the lid. 


Note the line in the lower butt-stock region in the above picture. This is found on a few early Hampshire County rifles. The wood was added during construction as not to waste a premium piece of maple. 
Silver wire inlay surrounding the hunter star. 


Church Steeple, arrowhead or pointed  finial. 

To some the  silver heart inlay represents the "Fifth wound of Christ".  Beautiful relief carving on wrist. 


Silver captured key inlay. Incised forestock molding. 

Vent pick holder. 

Incised carving on nose of fore-stock abruptly terminates due to a early repair. 

Tastefully  engraved brass toe plate. 

Vent pick or feather hole. 

Incised & low relief flower terminating the fore stock molding near rear entry pipe.

Metal to wood fit on rear entry pipe precisely done. 





Detailed image of high relief carving is found on George W Glaze's work well past the Golden Age era.

Round silver nails.

Long blade on front sight dominates his work 

.45 caliber.




Virginia School rectangular head nails used to fasten silver thumb plate. 

High relief carving. 

Case hardened tang. 

Winchester School brass butt plate. 


Patchbox cavity. 

Hope you enjoyed this rifle. For more Glaze rifles, Click Below

Special thanks to the caretaker of this fantastic antique long rifle. Please do not copy pictures. 







George W Glaze Part II

Here is another high relief carved rifle by Glaze in attic condition with minimal conservancy.
Click Picture for Larger View.
Glaze signed in silver inlay on top of barrel. 

Seven pierced patchbox, with  different panel designs and completely different engraving  of the Glaze rifle in part I.  

39.5 inch barrel. .44 caliber.


Superb high relief carving. 

Engraved eagle in silver oval in cheek-piece. The eagle represents freedom. 

 Engraved brass side plate. 

Brass vent pick holder & hash marks on molding of cheek piece. 
Silver fore stock inlay.  Incised carving is placed in panels between inlays.

Ketland & Adams  flintlock converted to percussion  using Bedford hammer. 

Fore-stock molding. 

Carved termination of fore stock molding. 

Nicely done engraving on the brass toe plate.

Below is yet another high relief Glaze rifle.
Artistic wonderful   engraved silver inlays, with over the top high relief carving. 

Unmolested as found. 

"Rare" nine piercings in yet another beautifully  engraved patchbox by Glaze.
Altered during period of use to half-stock. 

Signed Glaze.


The following rifle is  one of his earlier guns. You can also see it on page 33 in " Long Rifles of Virginia" by Butler & Whisker.  The barrel is 41 " long, but no doubt cut sometime. The flintlock is a reconversion. 
                                                                     

Engraved brass patch box. Push button release. 

Incised molding. 

Very low relief carving. You can see the influence of the Lauck shop in Winchester Virginia. 

Early style side plate with counter sunk bolt holes. 
Single Trigger.
                                                          Remnants of carving.

The last rifle in this group of Glaze rifles is one of his later rifles. While some in the past may have thought this a late Maryland rifle, we believe that it is an Indiana Rifle. This rifle was made during a period when many if not most  rifles were  more utilitarian , he still produced a refined product.


G W Glaze
He changed his signature a little from earlier guns.
George was not afraid to do different styles, this expanded panel patch box is unlike any we have seen on other rifles by him.
This box has a friction release, while others he made may  have a hidden release, or a push button through the toe plate. Again, he did not cast his rifles in a mold. 
Incised carving near the entry pipe.


A very long slender rifle, sporting a 45" barrel.

Incised carved molding.

Nicely engraved side plate.
Double set trigger.


More of the Midwestern style or contour.
Double spur brass trigger guard. 

.31 caliber,  rifling still sharp

Deep incised carving.
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 GLAZE KENTUCKY PISTOL


As many of you know a genuine antique Kentucky pistol is very hard to find.  Discovering a  signed Virginia/WV specimen  would be like finding the proverbial needle in a haystack. I would think one  in original condition , with the original W. Ketland & Co. flintlock, is a gift from Divine Providence.


The following George W Glaze pistol was made about 1810,  at Glazes gun shop along the South Branch of the Potomac 3 miles from Springfield WV.
                                                                   

W. Ketland & Co. Flintlock


8.5"  barrel 48 caliber.


G W Glaze






Hope you enjoyed seeing some of the wonderful work of George W Glaze. Thanks to the collectors who shared  them with us.
Please do not reproduce pictures.


For more info click
GLAZE