Monday, August 22, 2016


     By Jeff Sperry                                                                                                                           

Samuel Todd Sherwood   
Doddridge County West Virginia Gunsmith

Samuel Todd Sherwood, known as Todd Sherwood in the local community, was born on July 7, 1828 in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.  Samuel is the son of Joseph and Mary Sherwood.  The Sherwood family moved to West Union in Doddridge County, West Virginia in 1838 when Samuel was 10 years old.  Samuel Todd Sherwood married Drusilla Bland on Nov. 17, 1853 and had they four children named Mary, Sarah, Joseph Wayne and Lucy Ellen. Samuel and Drusilla purchased land on the banks of Meathouse Fork of Middle Island Creek near the community of Blandville in New Milton District of Doddridge County.  Samuel T. Sherwood first shows up as a Gunsmith in the 1860 US Census. 

A Todd Sherwood was enumerated in the 1850 US Census living with the family of John and Mahala Engle in West Union, WV.  John is the oldest son of Ezra Engle and older brother of James E. Engle, both gunsmiths from neighboring Tyler County.  We are still trying to determine where Samuel Todd Sherwood worked as an apprentice.  His rifles appear to be closely related to the Patterson Rifles from Fairmont, WV but we have not been able to make a positive connection. 

Click Pictures for Larger Image.

Postcard picture of Samuel Todd Sherwood’s Gun Shop and Mrs. Drusilla Sherwood near Blandville, Doddridge County, West Virginia about 1909.

Sherwood marked his rifles S.T.S in block letters but there are a few rifles which are known to have been marked in script letters S.T.S

 Most Sherwood guns are quite plain, however, he also built some very fancy rifles later in his life with carved brass cap boxes and silver inlays.  

The rifle shown below is a beautiful example of Sherwood’s work with a carved brass cap box, butt plate and trigger guard along with the coin silver inlays including a nice acorn inlay and the flowers on the cheek piece.  The rifle has a 39 ½ inch barrel, 32 caliber and is 7/8 inch across the flats.

                                           Both Sides Full Length

                         Three Quarter Left side with silver acorn and flower inlays

                                  Detail of cheek piece with coin silver flower inlay

                 Three Quarter right Side showing engraved cap box and silver acorn inlay

                                                      Detail of engraved cap box

The next Sherwood rifle is a fine target rifle with a more elaborate carved brass patch box and the stock is made of walnut.  The barrel is 38 inches long and 1 1/16 across the flats and is .52 caliber. 
                                                            Full length both sides
                                                          Three Quarter right Side
                                                       Detail of Engraved Patch Box
                                                                    Detail of Lock
                                                         Detail on end of target barrel

The next Sherwood is a beautiful curly figured Walnut full stock rifle. in 38 caliber featuring a 44-inch tapered barrel starting at 1 inch at the breech and being ¾ inch across the flats at the muzzle.  This rifle is unique having the carved cap box, trigger guard, butt plate, carved wear plate along with the ribs, tubes, and end cap all being made of German silver.  We have found two order forms from Greer and Laing where Sherwood ordered German Silver gun mounts and this is one of the rifles Sherwood built with the German Silver.   This unique rifle also includes 8 coin silver inlays

                                                          Both Sides Full Length 

                                                         Three Quarter Right Side
                                           Detail of Engraved German Silver Cap Box
                                                         Three Quarter Left Side
                                       Detail of left Side Coin Silver Hunter’s Star inlay
                                                 Detail of German Silver Wear Plate

The next Sherwood rifle is a beautiful .38 Caliber full stock with a 40 inch barrel 7/8 across the flats.  It has an engraved brass cap box along with a brass butt plate and trigger guard.  This rifle has 8 coin silver inlays including a poplar leaf inlay on the cheek piece.                                   

                                                         Full Length Both Sides
                                                        Three Quarter Right Side
                                                 Detail of Engraved Brass Cap Box
                                                       Three Quarter Left Side
                              Detail of Cheek Piece with Coin Silver Poplar Leaf Inlay

The last Sherwood rifle I have included to show you is the most common rifle Todd Sherwood built.  It has a fine curly maple stock with a 40 inch .36 caliber barrel 7/8 across the flats.  It has a nice brass butt plate and trigger guard.  These rifles were mostly plain but very functional for the settlers of Western West Virginia. 

                                           Full Length Both Sides

                                                        Three Quarter Right Side

                                                           Three Quarter Left Side 

We have found that Todd Sherwood was most active making rifles from the late 1860’s until his death in 1900 with most of the activity in the 1870’s and 1880’s. From the records we have recently obtained, we have original invoices from “GREER & LAING” in Wheeling, West Virginia dating from May 29, 1866 until February 6, 1900 where Todd Sherwood ordered  249 gun barrels, along with steady orders for double triggers, ribs, ramrod pipes, bullet molds, gun locks, gun nipples, musket nipples, sheet brass, solder, bar lead, bastard files, flat files, sand paper, caps, powder, etc. 

Shown below are a few examples of S. T. Sherwood’s orders for gun parts. 
                          Order placed on December 22, 1869. 

                           Order dated February 10, 1881

                               Order placed Nov. 17, 1891  

 Below is part of a letter from Samuel Sherwood’s nephew, W. C. Sherwood in California ordering a rifle and describing how he would like it to be built.

July 7th , 1878
Dear Uncle, I seat myself to drop you a few lines in answer to your letter which I received on the 4th As you asked several questions I will begin to answer.  You have your choice mountains or prairie the mountains are timbered with pine and oak. Lots of deer I have been feasting on them. I have killed 24 since I have been here and haven’t hunted any neither. With a good many Bear the Grizzly and Brown Bear, the Squirrel, the Grouse, of fish there is any amount.  The Salmon and Trout is the principal kind. There is dead loads of them.  The climate there is no better.  I like the country far and a head of West Va. If you start to any of the Western country it won’t cost you but a little more to come to California and see for yourself.  You know we come here in the dead of winter and I thought I would freeze us in the train cars and when we got here the apple trees were in blossom and everything else.  It scarcely ever snows in the valley but it snows a heap on the big mountains.  There is snow on the peaks now.  As a location for your trade I don’t think there is any better if there was timber for stalks.  There is maple but I don’t think it is curly and no walnut or sugar tree.  My latitude is 200 miles North of San Francisco and as a farming country I don’t think it can be beat - especially for wheat it is celebrated.  Land sells for about $20 per acre in this valley at the present time.  I am at work in the carpenter trade such as building barns and am getting $30per month.  I will be at home in 2 years if nothing happens.  So I will close for the present.  Anything you want to know about this country.  Let me know and you will get the truth about it.  Write soon and give me the news.
Yours Respectfully,

I want you to make me a gun.  About a $20 gun with a barrel about 3 feet and 2 or 4 or 6 inches.  The kind of stalk you can suit yourself to run about 90 balls to the pound.  Let me know in your letters when it will be ready.  Guns sell here for $40 and $50 dollars. 

This is the letter is from W.C Sherwood instructing Samuel. T. Sherwood where to send the new rifle.

Sept. 15th, 1878 
Dear Uncle, I received your letter of Aug. 30th and am sorry to say that I did not receive your other letter.  I had wrote another letter to you but had not mailed it.  Send the gun C.O.D. on this account.  I am about 30 miles from the express office in the mountains and don’t want to come in til I am dome which will take about two weeks then I will be in to stay.  I will send you a $20 piece in gold which is very scarce with you I guess. 
Address the gun to:    Canelo
                                       Round Valley
                                       Mendocino Co., California
This leaves me well
Respectfully yours,
                                       W.C. Sherwood

Here is the letter from W. C. Sherwood in the spring of 1879 telling Samuel T. Sherwood what he had recently shot and how pleased he was with the new rifle.

 May 12th 1879
Dear Uncle,
 I received your letter written March 23rd  also one a few days after Christmas of which I answered and told you large hunting tales. I have killed about 40 deer with my new gun.  It can’t be beat in America if I have anything of a fair chance I can drop them every time.  I am going in the morning out in the mountains about 20 miles from the Valley to build a home for a man.  It will take most all summer.  I expect to tumble a few more old bucks while up their.  My intention is to come home this fall.  I aint sure that I will.  It will only be 8 years this fall.  I aint very home sick yet.  For I am well contented here as I could be any place.  I like the climate besides.  I can have more fun huntin than any place else this side of the Atlantic and make just as much at work.  It has been very wet here this winter but the rain is over til November.  We don’t fear rain in harvest.  Harvest begins next week wheat crop is as nice as could be barley oats.  There is a great stir about Texas and California.  A great many has gone from here their.  If I come home this fall I shall go through Texas and look at the country a little.  There was a man went their last spring. He came back on a visit this winter.  He says it is so far ahead of California that he would not live here a lot.  He went back to Texas.  I will write again and maybe the next time I will have a little more time.  This letter has been delayed.  Some where I never sent it til today.  It has been wrote nearly two months.  No more at present.
But remain yours,

It appears likely that Samuel T. Sherwood was an active gunsmith until his death in 1900.  His estate was inventoried on December 26, 1900 and recorded in the Doddridge County WV Courthouse in Fiduciary Book 6 at Page 47.  Below is a partial list of Sherwood’s gun shop tools and inventory at his death.

Old rifle gun marked No. 1                                                      $3.00
Old rifle gun marked No. 2                                                       $.25
Old rifle gun marked No. 3                                                      $3.50
New smooth bore gun marked No. 4                                     $4.00
Rifle gun marked No. 5                                                            $3.00
Flintlock Daniel Boone gun marked No. 6                             $5.00
Shot pouch, knife and flask                                                       $.50
The whole set gunsmith tools                                               $50.00
100 or more sheets sand paper                                                $.30
1 keg rifle powder about 8 lbs                                                $1.50
5 gun barrels                                                                             $0.50
1 shot gun and case                                                                  $1.00
1 long barreled shot gun                                                          $1.00
1 sack powder                                                                           $0.25
1 house pistol gun                                                                     $0.75
21 boxes musket caps                                                              $0.75
20 boxes rifle gun caps                                                            $0.60
Lot of powder horns and ammunition                                   $1.00
1 pair buck deer horns                                                             $0.25
1 house dressed deer skin                                                       $0.50
4 ground hog skins – leather                                                   $0.40

Total appraised value                :      $493.30
A public sale of Samuel Sherwood’s estate took place on January 10, 1901 and is recorded in the Doddridge County WV Courthouse in Fiduciary Book 6 at Page 66.  Listed below are a few items of interest along with the sale price.

Purchaser                             Item                                       Price
  Ralph Givins                                 one gun                                           $1.00
W. C. Parks                                     gun fixtures                                    $0.20
M. Clark                                          gun powder                                    $0.25
A. Sutton                                         896 ft lumber                                 $1.46
G. W. McNeamer                          one gun barrel                               $1.00
B. Langfrit                                       one sack powder                           $0.85
Lace Hurst                                       gun fixtures                                    $0.50
E. Bee                                              one gun                                           $3.50
B. Langfrit                                       one gun barrel                               $1.85
G. W. McNeamer                          one gun barrel                               $2.80
A.T. Randolph                                one gun                                           $1.50
A. Sutton                                         200 ft lumber                                 $3.70
Frank Douglass                              one bunch files                              $2.30
Lute Maxwell                                 gun powder                                    $0.50
A Sutton                                          ground hog skins                           $0.40
Lute Maxwell                                 one buck skin                                 $1.40
Hugh Cahill                                     one gun                                           $15.00
Frank Pearl                                     one revolver                                   $0.95
James Bacus                                   one shot gun                                  $1.05
T. F. Jones                                       Blacksmith tools                            $3.75
R. A. Ball                                          one gun                                           $14.30
Stuff sold in shop, gun stocks, etc.                                                      $5.00
Total of the Estate Sale:                                          $310.87

Samuel Todd Sherwood died on December 14, 1900 and is buried at the Cowan Cemetery near the banks of Meathouse Fork of Middle Island Creek about 6 miles South of the Town of West Union, WV 

“S. T. Sherwood was for more than a quarter of a century one of the best pioneers in this section of West Virginia.  Having established a reputation as a gunsmith second to none in the entire state, the marvelous skill and accuracy of his workmanship were known to our fathers over a wide area of the Western foothills”  As written in the Obitutary of Drusilla Sherwood    

Click for Larger Image



We appreciate  Jeff Sperry & Ed Rayl  for sharing this  research and excellent  pictures with us.

                                            WANTED SHERWOOD RIFLES
                                                 USE CONTACT FORM


Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Introduction To Hampshire County's Gunsmiths

By John McKee

 Here's a brief introduction to our gunsmiths here in the county.  First of all Hampshire County was formed from Frederick Co. in 1754.  In 1786 Hardy Co. was formed from Hampshire Co.  Morgan Co. was formed in 1822 from Hampshire Co.  Mineral Co. came along in 1866. This is to give you a general idea of  how large in size Hampshire County was at this time.

 Now I'll give you some idea of the settlement of this part of Virginia.  Port of entry to our country at this time, 1735 to 1800 can generally be considered to be Philadelphia. Baltimore and Williamsburg  were also ports of entry, but for this time frame Philadelphia saw the most movement to this area.  So for the most part we were seeing the movement of people from the North to the South traveling the great wagon road down the Shenandoah Valley. This influx of people populated areas we know as Martinsburg, Harper's Ferry,Winchester, Woodstock, New Market and so on.  The important factor here is Winchester.  From there our area gunsmiths migrated to Romney and other out laying areas.

 The earliest known gunsmith was Jacob Reed.  In 1751 he was found in South Fork of the South Branch area, South of present day Moorefield.  This area at that time was Augusta county Va., but by 1754 was a portion of Hampshire county.  The next early smith that would be close to this area was George Glaze senior of Springfield, settling there around 1768.  Then we have Rudolph Rinehart,  around 1785 he was established near Augusta in or near Bear Wallow Hollow.  Frederick Sheetz set up shop around present day Fort Ashby around 1790.

 No examples exist of the work that Reed, G. Glaze senior or R. Rinehart produced.  So to study their work to see who influenced them is not possible.  However we can surmise that their work was heavily influenced by builders from  Lancaster ,York and the surrounding areas.

 Adam Haymaker and Simon Lauck Sr. both of Pa. establish shops in the Winchester Va. area around 1780 or a little earlier.  We know that George W Glaze Jr. and Frederick Sheetz of Hampshire county both apprenticed under Simon Lauck of Winchester Va. and their work reflect that of the Lauck shop. Frederick finished his apprenticeship just prior to establishing his own shop in present day Fort Ashby,(1790) and later Headsville, near the confluence of Beaver run and Pattersons creek.  This is where he produced his 1812 contract rifles for the state of Virginia.  However his normal work reflected that of the Lauck shop, with low relief carving and silver inlays found on many of his Golden Age guns.

 G. W. Glaze Jr. apprenticed a little later with Lauck and his work also reflects that of the Winchester School.

Gunsmiths here in the county were numerous, numbering up into the 40's.  All moving in and out of the county going to Ohio, Indiana and further points West.

For a more in depth study on the individual smith's . I suggest reading " Early Gunsmiths of Hampshire County" by William H. Ansel, Jr. and the ( Hampshire County Longrifle blog) both sources have a wealth of knowledge for those who want to learn more about the Hampshire county rifle. Known locally for years as the (home rifle.)

Thanks to John McKee for sharing this article with us.

Thursday, July 21, 2016

The Mason County, West Virginia Gunsmith known as A.P. McDermit

By Paul Skinner

Andrew Phlem (Phlemmin, Phlemin) Mcdermit (Mcdermitt, Mcdermot, McDermott, McDermitt) is documented to have been born on July 5, 1827 to James Mcdermit (born in Big Beaver, Pennsylvania) and Susanannah Peck. There are conflicting records of his birthdate, ranging from 1827-1832. His parents were living in Mason County, Virginia by 1820, which is where Andrew married his wife Mary Shirly in 1852. His paternal grandparents were Daniel Mcdermit and Sarah Fleming. His maternal grandparents were Peter Peck and Mary from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Peter Peck was a Revolutionary War veteran.

Included is an original Bible page from Andrew Phlem McDermit's father's Bible.   
Click Pictures for Large Image 


Andrew had a brother, John, who named his son after Andrew. Andrew’s nephew was born in 1852 and opened a blacksmith shop.

Included is a photo of the Blacksmith shop with his nephew, Andrew Phlem Mcdermit.


In the 1850 and 1860 census, Andrew P. Mcdermit was listed as a gunsmith. His gunsmith profession at the onset of such an active service makes me wonder if he would have made his guns that he took into so many battles including Gettysburg. In 1865 in a tax list of Point Pleasant, he is listed as a dentist/druggist and later in 1870 and 1880 (Gallia, Ohio), he continues as a dentist . It would appear as though most of his guns were made prior to the Civil War (1850-1862).

Signed A P McDermit

There was a draft registration originating from Putnam County, West Virginia, dated July 1, 1863. At this time he is listed as age 34 and working as a dentist. This date is in conflict with the military record of service of May 1, 1862 to May 9, 1865. On this document he is listed as 25 years old at the time of entering service as a private in 1862 with the honored Ohio 61st regiment, which later was consolidated as a veteran corp known as the Ohio 82nd Regiment. It is a true honor to view the many battles including Gettysburg that Andrew P. Mcdermit was actively involved. I have pictures of the monuments that were placed to honor the men such as Andrew P. Mcdermit for their extremely active service in the Ohio 61st Regiment. These monuments can be viewed at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. I have a step by step description of Andrew's involvement during the Battle of Gettysburg. I also have the extensive list of all the battles in which Andrew P. Mcdermit was involved. He was a true American Hero.

The 61st Ohio Infantry was organized by companies from various parts of Ohio in April and May 1862. It reenlisted as a veteran regiment from January to April 1864, was consolidated with the 82d Ohio Infantry on March 31, 1865, and was mustered out July 24, 1865.

From the rear:
Principal engagements-Freemans Ford    ResacaWarrenton Sulphur Springs    New Hope ChurchGroveton    Culp’s FarmChancellorsville    Peach Tree CreekGettysburg    AtlantaWauhatchie    SandersvilleMission Ridge    Monteith SwampRelief of Knoxville    Savannah,Bentonville

Andrew P. Mcdermit's step by step involvement at the Battle of Gettysburg.

The 61st Ohio Infantry-
On arriving from Emmittsburg about one o’clock p.m., July 1, 1863, was deployed as skirmish line in advance of its Brigade and moved towards Oak Hill. Later it supported a section of Dilger’s Battery, and engaged the enemy on this ground. After an obstinate contest it withdrew with the 11th Corps to Cemetery Hill. On the evening of July 2, it moved to the assistance of the 12th Corps on Culp’s Hill, and returning lay on Cemetery Hill during the remainder of the battle.

Andrew Phlem Mcdermit died in 1899.

Special Thanks to Paul Skinner for sharing his research & photos.